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Gum disease is one of the worst dental issues in the world, along with tooth decay. This is why it’s important to know all you can about this disease so you can better understand it and you can also prevent it. So, to help you, our Borgmeyer Dental dental team would like to explain the two different stages of gum disease, which are:


Gingivitis is the minor form of gum disease. It develops when you fail to remove the plaque on your smile on a regular basis. When this happens, the plaque irritates your gums, making them red and swollen and even making them bleed easily. Oftentimes there is little to no discomfort at this stage. Fortunately, a professional dental cleaning and improved oral hygiene can treat this stage of the disease.


If your gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance into periodontitis. This happens when the plaque turns into tartar and it spreads and grows below the gumline. Then, the toxins in the tartar irritate the gums and deteriorate the underlying bone and tissues. In addition, your gums tend to recede from the base of your teeth, creating pockets. As time goes by, the pockets fill with infection. If this isn’t treated with laser periodontal therapy, scaling and root planing treatments, or antibiotics, the disease could cause loose and lost teeth.

Now, as you can see, this disease is severely dangerous for your smile and oral health. This is why it’s important to prevent it at all costs. In order to do so, you need to keep up on oral hygiene each and every day and visit your dentist, Dr. David J. Borgmeyer and Augustine Borgmeyer, every six months. If you do these things, you’ll be on the right track toward a disease-free smile and oral health.

For more information, tips, and details about gum disease in St. Louis, Missouri, please call our office at 314-351-6554. Our dental team is happy to give you the information you’re looking for!